WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

World Medical Association WMA


The Declaration of Helsinki from the World Medical Association (WMA) is the earliest important policy statement for Open Access to Knowledge. It is for changes in medical research that involve human subjects, in which patients who participate in a medical study are entitled to be informed about the outcome of the study and to share any benefits that result from it.  The first version was adopted by the 18th WMA General Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, June 1964 and has been amended seven times since, most recently in October 2013. The current (2013) version is the only official one. But here the first version is published and is meant only for historical purposes. The new version can be accessed from WMA website.

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Print Version ISSN: 2320-530X (Application for ISSN Online Version Pending)