Adapting the Concept of Faceting and Synthesis of Colon Classification in Dewey Decimal Classification

Mohan Rambhau Kherde


Classification system is crucial in the organization of knowledge. It enables organizing knowledge in logical, helpful and retrievable way. They are categorized under six species. The nature of present information necessitates adopting of a classification scheme having 'freely faceted' characteristics. DDC is the most popular and widely used classification scheme worldwide. The latest edition of DDC is somewhat 'Semi-Analytico-Synthetic. But the organization of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary subjects using DDC is difficult. So the author explored the possibilities for conversion of DDC into 'freely faceted’ scheme using the concepts in S R Ranganathan's Colon Classification Scheme. The schedule of Library and Information Science in DDC was taken as sample and was converted to freely faceted classification scheme. The paper discusses the process for classifying books with newly designed Freely Faceted DDC with suitable examples. Advantages of this conversion are demonstrated.


DDC, Freely Faceted DDC, Freely Faceted Scheme, Number Building


Bury Susan, Comparison of Classification schemes for libraries. Library Science with a slant to Documentation, 1980, 17 (3), 73-82.

Chan Lois Mai, Dewey Decimal Classification : Organizing the world of knowledge for the world. In Dewey Decimal Classification : Edition 21 and International perspective : Papers from a workshop presented at the General Conference of the International Federation of Library Association and Institutions (IFLA). 1996, pp.85-95.

Chaterjee Amitabha, Treatment of complex subjects in Documentary Classification with special reference to CC and BC : A comparative study, Herald of Library Science, 2000, 39 (1-2), 41-9.

Classification Research Group. The need for a Faceted Classification as the basis of all methods of Information Retrieval : Memorandum of the Classification Research Group Received, for information, by the L.A. Library Research Committee, May, 1955. In From classification to “Knowledge Organization" Dorking revisited or "Past is Prelude":A collection of reprints to commemorate the forty year span between the Dorking Conference (First International Study Conference on Classification Research 1957) and the Sixth International Study Conference on Classification Research (London, UK) 1999. The Hague, Netherlands:International Federation for Information and Documentation(FID), 1997, p.1-11.

Comaromi J P and Satija M P, Dewey Decimal Classification : History and current status, Sterling, New Delhi, 1989.

Dhyani Pushpa, Library Classification in computer age. DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology, 1999, 19 (3), 5-14.

Dorf Rudich Solomon M and others, Analytico Synthetic Classification of Medicine. Herald of Library Science, 1973, 12, 299-312.

Foskett A C, The Dewey Decimal Classification, 4th edn, Bingley, London, 1982.

Jaiswal Babita, Automated document classification. DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology, 1999, 19 (3), 23-8.

Jayarajan P and Gopinathan M A, Classification of complex subjects in CC and UDC. DRTC Annual Seminar, 1971, 9, 252-70.

Khanna J K, Analytico Synthetic Classification : A study in CC-7, Ess Ess Publications, New Delhi, 1994.

Kherde Mohan R., Critical study of syntheses in Dewey Decimal Classification. Thesis awarded by Amravati University, Amravati, 2001.

Mitchell Joan S and others, 2011. Dewey Decimal Classification and Relative Index, Devised by Melvil Dewey, 23rd edn, OCLC, Ohio, 2011.

Panigrahi P K, An artificial intelligence approach towards automatic classification (Part-1). IASLIC Bulletin, 2000, 45(2), 73-81.

Ranganathan S R, Elements of library classification V1, 3rd edn, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1962.

Ranganathan S R, Prolegomena of library classification V1, 3rd edn, Reprint, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1989.

Ranganathan S R, A descriptive account of Colon Classification, Sarda Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science, Banglore, 1990.

Vickery B C, Faceted classification : A guide to construction and use of special schemes, ASLIB, London, 1960.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print Version ISSN: 2320-530X (Application for ISSN Online Version Pending)